Effects of manipulated berry transpiration on post-veraison sugar accumulation

Stefano Poni, Barbara Rebucci, Alan N. Lakso

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroContributo a convegno

Abstract

A series of experiments were conducted on container-grown Pinot Noir and Sangiovese grapevines to investigate whether changes in berry water loss at veraison influence the pattern of sugar accumulation. Berry transpiration was induced to vary either by changing the vapour pressure deficit (VPD) around bunches through temperature or relative humidity (RH) manipulations, or by applying emulsion accelerating drying or a hydrophobic coating (vaseline) over the berry skin. Transpiration rates were derived either from measurements of attached bunches using a custom-built gas-exchange system or from weight loss calculated for single excised berries. Berry development and ripening were monitored throughout each experiment as deformability, fresh weight and sugar concentration and content. Berries either did not respond to VPD-enhancement or showed reduced water loss when bunches were subjected to high temperature. Low berry transpiration in the latter treatment led to lower sugar content per berry up to harvest, and berry transpiration and net sugar intake were linearly correlated up to 0.20-0.25 mmol m-2s-1. When berry transpiration was restricted by applying vaseline, sugar accumulation was retarded. Low values of VPD, induced by raising the RH around the bunches, lowered sugar concentration but not sugar content per berry.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteActa Horticulturae
Pagine467-475
Numero di pagine9
Volume513
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1998
EventoXXV International Horticultural Congress, - brussels
Durata: 3 nov 19977 nov 1997

Convegno

ConvegnoXXV International Horticultural Congress,
Cittàbrussels
Periodo3/11/977/11/97

Keywords

  • Assimilate partitioning
  • Firmness
  • Ripening
  • Soluble solids
  • Water loss

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