Effects of elicitors, viticultural factors, and enological practices on resveratrol and stilbenes in Grapevine and Wine

Luigi Bavaresco, Fulvio Mattivi, Mirko De Rosso, Riccardo Flamini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

57 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability of grapevine to activate defense mechanisms against some pathogens has been shown to be linked to the synthesis of stilbenes by the plant (inducible viniferins). Metabolized viniferins may also be produced or modified by extracellular enzymes released by the pathogen in an attempt to eliminate undesirable toxic compounds. Due to the important properties of resveratrol, there is increasing interest in producing foods with higher contents of this compound and higher nutritional value. The production of high resveratrol-containing grapes and wines relies on quality-oriented viticulture (suitable terroirs, sustainable cultural practices) and wine-making technologies which avoid degradation of the compound. The technique of skin extraction and enzymatic hydrolysis of glucoside forms in wine-making plays an important role in resveratrol wine concentration. Other factors affecting its final concentration and balance in wine are conditions for promoting trans-cis isomerization of aglycones, the type of yeast used, and the presence of lactic bacteria with β-glucosidase activity. In general, the enological practices commonly used to stabilize wine after fermentation do not significantly affect resveratrol concentrations, which show considerable stability
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1366-1381
Numero di pagine16
RivistaMini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Volume12
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012

Keywords

  • Grapes
  • Health
  • Phytoalexins
  • Resveratrol
  • Stilbenes
  • Viniferins
  • Wine

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