Effects of a biostimulant derived from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum on ripening dynamics and fruit quality of grapevines

Tommaso Frioni, Sergio Tombesi, Stefano Poni, Matteo Gatti, Paolo Sabbatini, Alberto Palliotti, Jeffrey Norrie

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

38 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Most modern and traditional grape-growing regions are facing challenging times due to the unpredictability of weather conditions and warming trends. Innovative and sustainable tools such as seaweed-based biostimulants may play a key-role in the development of environment-friendly viticultural strategies to improve yields, biotic/abiotic stress tolerance and fruit and wine quality. A sprayable Ascophyllum nodosum extract was tested on grapevines cv. Sangiovese grown under Mediterranean conditions (central Italy) and on grapevines cv. Pinot Noir and Cabernet Franc within a cool-climate viticulture region (Michigan, USA). The product was sprayed on the canopies at label doses (1.5 kg/ha) five times during the season, starting two weeks before veraison. The seaweed extract did not affect leaf gas exchanges, yield or cluster and berry size, but hastened veraison, improved anthocyanins accumulation in all cultivars and increased phenolic content particularly in Sangiovese. Therefore, medium-late application of the seaweed extract can be a simple way to favour chromatic and chemical proprieties of grapes and wines. This is the first report of positive effects of Ascophylium nodosum extracts on the quality of cultivated wine grapes. The adoption of the technique can be particularly suitable to cool climate viticulture, especially as it pertains to short growing seasons and genotypes with a limited phenolic profile
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)97-106
Numero di pagine10
RivistaScientia Horticulturae
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Anthocyanins
  • Ascophyllum nodosum
  • Phenolic maturity
  • Seaweed extract
  • Viticulture
  • Vitis vinifera

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