Effect of single anastomosis duodenal-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy on glucose tolerance test: comparison with other bariatric procedures

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: No data have been reported regarding the risk of hyperinsulinemic response and reactive hypoglycemia after single anastomosis duodenal-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S). Furthermore, comparative studies with other bariatric procedures are lacking. Objectives: To compare response to oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in patients who underwent SADI-S, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). Setting: Fondazione Policlinico Universitario “A. Gemelli” IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome. Methods: Consenting, nondiabetic patients matched for age, sex, and preoperative body mass index, who underwent SADI-S, RYGB, SG, and BPD, were recruited. A 75 g OGTT was performed pre and postoperatively. Plasma insulin and glucose (pGlu–mg/dL) were measured at baseline, and at +30, +60, +90, +120, +150, and +180 minutes. Severe hypoglycemia was defined as pGlu concentration <55 mg/dL. Results: Thirty-five patients were recruited: 9 SADI-S, 11 RYGB, 7 SG, and 8 BPD. Comparing preoperative and postoperative responses to OGTT, all procedures improved the glycemic control with better early results after SADI-S and BPD compared with RYGB and SG. No patients showed severe hypoglycemia. Significantly more patients who underwent RYGB and SG showed asymptomatic pGlu <70 mg/dL during OGTT compared with SADI-S and BPD (63.6% and 57.1% vs 22.2% and 12.5%, respectively, P <.05). Conclusions: Similar to BPD, SADI-S seems to be associated to insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis improvement, together with a reduced risk of hyperinsulinemia and, consequently, to hypoglycemia, often associated with RYGB and SG.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1091-1097
Numero di pagine7
RivistaSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume15
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Biliopancreatic diversion
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
  • Reactive hypoglycemia
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  • SADI-S
  • Single anastomosis duonenal-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy
  • Sleeve gastrectomy

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