Effect of Exercise on Circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Microvascular Angina

Giancarla Scalone, Alberto De Caterina, Antonio Maria Leone, Alessandra Tritarelli, Roberto Mollo, Gaetano Pinnacchio, Domenico D'Amario, Gaetano Antonio Lanza, Filippo Crea

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

14 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background: Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) might limit endothelial dysfunction in patients with microvascular angina (MVA). Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs; displaying the CD34+/KDR+/CD45- phenotype) are currently regarded as true EPCs. The aim of this study was to evaluate exercise-induced ECFC mobilization and platelet reactivity in patients with MVA or with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and Results: Exercise stress test (EST) was performed in 20 MVA patients, 20 CAD patients and 20 controls. Platelet reactivity was assessed before and after EST as formation of monocyte-platelet aggregates (MPAs) and CD41 platelet expression, without and with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) stimulation. ECFC number was measured before and 24h after EST. At rest, MPAs and CD41 platelet expression increased more with ADP in MVA patients (+71±11.0% and +37±7.5%, respectively), than in CAD patients (+37±8.6% and +19±4.5%, respectively) and controls (+29±3.5% and +21±3.1%, respectively; P<0.001 for both). At rest, ECFCs tended to be lower in CAD patients, compared to MVA patients and controls (4.1±5.0%, 7.2±6.0% and 7.3±7.0% cells/10(5), respectively; P=0.056). After EST, ECFCs increased less in MVA patients (+2.8±11) compared to CAD patients (+3.3±15; P<0.05) and controls (+7.4±24; P<0.01). Conclusions: In MVA patients, EST is able to blunt the peculiar increase of platelet reactivity to ADP present at rest; in contrast, no potential protective response of ECFCs to exercise was seen in these patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1777-1782
RivistaCirculation Journal
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013


  • Endothelial progenitor cells
  • Exercise stress test
  • Microvascular angina
  • Platelet reactivity


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