Does cardiovascular autonomic control predict shooting efficiency of police officers?

Donatella Brisinda, Angela Venuti, Riccardo Fenici, Francesco Fioravanti, Emilia Iantorno, Kristian Efremov

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroContributo a convegno

Abstract

Emotional reactions, such as fear or anxiety may affect perceptual-motor skills, especially under high-pressure situations. We used a realistic police tactical task, implying decision making and use of deadly force, to test the possibility to predict shooting efficacy as a function of the level of individual acute operational stress (AOS). Methods: The ECG of twenty police officers (PO) was monitored during realistic tactical “shoot/no shoot” scenarios. PO shot their service 9 mm Beretta 92FS, converted for Airmunition Condition Blue man-marking cartridges. Basal anxiety level was assessed with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait and the PSS Sheldon Cohen scale. AOS was subjectively evaluated with the Zijlstra’s RSME. Short-term heart rate variability (HRV) analysis was used to correlate shooting performance with AOS level. Discriminant Analysis (DA) was used to predict shooting efficacy. Results: DA of short-term HRV parameters evidences different cardiovascular autonomic adaptation (CAA) to low and high AOS. DA of several HRV feature predicted behavioral efficacy under different level of anxiety. Conclusions: In S/NS situations, CAA is different as a function of PO ability to enforce goal-directed processing (i.e. to decide appropriate use of force and shoot accurately) under threat. DA of HRV features helps to predict individual capability to control emotions and shoot efficiently when required.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteProceedings 40th Annual Conference of the Society for Police and Criminal Psychology
Pagine27
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014
Evento40th Annual Conference of the Society for Police and Criminal Psychology - Las Vegas
Durata: 17 set 201420 set 2014

Convegno

Convegno40th Annual Conference of the Society for Police and Criminal Psychology
CittàLas Vegas
Periodo17/9/1420/9/14

Keywords

  • Heart rate varibility
  • Psychophysiology
  • Shooting training

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