Dispersal of conidia of Fusicladium eriobotryae and spatial patterns of scab in loquat orchards in Spain.

Vittorio Rossi, Elisa González-Domínguez, Sami Jorge Michereff, José García-Jiménez, Josep Armengol

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

9 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Dispersal of conidia of Fusicladium eriobotryae, the causal agent of loquat scab, was investigated in two loquat orchards in Spain from 2010 to 2012. A volumetric spore sampler, horizontally and vertically orientated microscope slides, and rain collectors were placed in loquat fields to trap conidia of F. eriobotryae. No conidia were collected in the volumetric sampler, and highly variable numbers of conidia were collected in the rain gatherers. Large numbers of conidia were collected by microscope slides, particularly by those held in a horizontal orientation compared with those held in a vertical orientation. Approximately 90%of the F. eriobotryae conidia were collected during rainy periods. Based on ROC and Bayesian analysis, using ≥ 0.2 mm rainfall as a cut-off value resulted in a high probability of correctly predicting actual conidial dispersal, and had a low probability of failing to predict actual conidial dispersal. Based on the index of dispersion and the binary power law, the incidence of loquat scab on fruit was highly aggregated in space between and within trees, and aggregation was influenced by disease incidence. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, that F. eriobotryae is dispersed mainly in rain splash. The results will be integrated into a mechanistic, weather-driven, disease prediction model that should help growers to minimize fungicide application for the management of loquat scab.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)849-861
Numero di pagine13
RivistaEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume139
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • Eriobotrya japonica
  • Plant disease epidemiology
  • Rain splash
  • Spore traps

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