Dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid inhibits growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A in rats: effects on proliferation and apoptosis.

Gabriella Calviello, Paola Palozza, Elisabetta Piccioni, Nicola Maggiano, Andrea Frattucci, Piergiorgio Franceschelli, Gianna Bartoli, Maria

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Int J Cancer. 1998 Mar 2;75(5):699-705. Dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid inhibits growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A in rats: effects on proliferation and apoptosis. Calviello G, Palozza P, Piccioni E, Maggiano N, Frattucci A, Franceschelli P, Bartoli GM. Institute of General Pathology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy. The effect of individual administration of low doses of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (1 g/kg body weight) on the growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A transplanted in ACI/T rats was investigated. Both EPA and DHA inhibited growth of the hepatocarcinoma (50% reduction of tumor weight or volume at the 19th day after transplantation for both of the n-3 PUFA groups). EPA treatment reduced the percentage of proliferating tumor cells labeled with BUdR (10-fold), whereas DHA did not. Conversely, DHA supplementation induced a doubling of the number of cells undergoing apoptosis (labeled by TUNEL), whereas EPA treatment was much less effective. Analysis of changes in phospholipid fatty acids in tumor-cell membranes after both treatments with EPA and DHA showed a significant reduction in arachidonic-acid levels. EPA and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), its elongation product, were increased in the phospholipids from EPA-treated animals. DHA and EPA, but not DPA, were increased in the DHA-treated group. It is concluded from the results of the present study that the anti-tumoral effect of EPA is related mainly to its inhibition of cell proliferation, whereas that of DHA corresponds with its induction of apoptosis. The alterations in fatty-acid composition induced by EPA or DHA appear to be factors underlying their differential actions on cell proliferation and apoptosis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)699-705
Numero di pagine7
RivistaInternational Journal of Cancer
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1998

Keywords

  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Eicosapentaenoic acid
  • Morris hepatoma
  • apoptosis
  • proliferation
  • rats

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