Dietary Risk Factors and Eating Behaviors in Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)

Andrea Leonardo Cecchini, Federico Biscetti*, Maria Margherita Rando, Giovanni Pecorini, Antonio Gasbarrini, Massimo Massetti, Andrea Flex

*Autore corrispondente per questo lavoro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


[Ita:]Dietary risk factors play a fundamental role in the prevention and progression of atherosclerosis and PAD (Peripheral Arterial Disease). The impact of nutrition, however, defined as the process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism and repair, remains undefined with regard to PAD. This article describes the interplay between nutrition and the development/progression of PAD. We reviewed 688 articles, including key articles, narrative and systematic reviews, meta-analyses and clinical studies. We analyzed the interaction between nutrition and PAD predictors, and subsequently created four descriptive tables to summarize the relationship between PAD, dietary risk factors and outcomes. We comprehensively reviewed the role of well-studied diets (Mediterranean, vegetarian/vegan, low-carbohydrate ketogenic and intermittent fasting diet) and prevalent eating behaviors (emotional and binge eating, night eating and sleeping disorders, anorexia, bulimia, skipping meals, home cooking and fast/ultra-processed food consumption) on the traditional risk factors of PAD. Moreover, we analyzed the interplay between PAD and nutritional status, nutrients, dietary patterns and eating habits. Dietary patterns and eating disorders affect the development and progression of PAD, as well as its disabling complications including major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and major adverse limb events (MALE). Nutrition and dietary risk factor modification are important targets to reduce the risk of PAD as well as the subsequent development of MACE and MALE.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-63
Numero di pagine63
RivistaInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022


  • diet
  • dietary risk factors
  • eating behaviors
  • eating disorders
  • food
  • lower extremity arterial disease
  • nutrition
  • peripheral artery disease of lower limbs
  • predictors


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