Dietary intake of macronutrients and fiber in Mediterranean patients on chronic hemodialysis.

Maurizio Bossola, Giacinto Abele Donato Miggiano, Maria Cristina Mele, Carlo Vulpio, Luigi Tazza, Tania Monteburini, Stefano Cenerelli, Stefano Santarelli, Rolando Boggi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

11 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to measure the dietary intake of calories, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and fiber in patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) at 3 centers in 1 metropolitan and 2 urban areas of Italy, and to evaluate whether it met the dietary guidelines for cardiovascular risk reduction. METHODS: Daily dietary intake was assessed through a 3-day diet diary in 128 HD patients at the hemodialysis units of the Catholic University of Rome, Hospital A. Murri of Jesi and Hospital Principe di Piemonte of Senigallia, Italy. RESULTS: Mean dietary calorie and protein intakes were 22.9 ± 9.1 kcal/kg per day and 0.95 ± 0.76 g protein/kg per day, respectively. Daily carbohydrate and lipid intakes as a percentage of total calorie intake were 51.8% ± 8.9% and 32.1% ± 7.1%. Mean daily dietary cholesterol intake was 206.6 ± 173.6 mg. Mean daily dietary intakes of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids were 0.49 ± 0.28 g and 5.1 ± 2.5 g, respectively, while the mean ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 intake was 11.5 ± 4.8. Forty-eighty percent of patients had an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio =10. Mean daily dietary intakes of saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids were 5.5 ± 3.3 g, 28.9 ± 9.1 g and 3.1 ± 1.7 g, respectively. Ninety-six percent of HD patients had an SFA intake <10% of total calories. Most unsaturated fatty acids intakes were under the value of =30%. Mean daily dietary fiber intake was 11.8 ± 6.1 g. CONCLUSION: In HD patients from a Mediterranean country (Italy), daily intakes of calories, proteins and fiber were lower than the recommended values, whereas the intake of lipids was closer to being adequate.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)912-918
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJN. JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • dietary

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