Development of the Italian versions of the FREE Scale and the CSI. Theoretical considerations and preliminary analysis

Emanuela Saita, Vittorio Lenzo, George A. Bonanno

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

AIM: The Flexible Regulation of Emotional Expression (FREE) Scale assesses the ability to enhance and suppress displayed emotions among a range of hypothetical contexts. The Context Sensitivity Index (CSI) measures the ability to perceive cues to contextual demands across different situations. This study aimed to present the first step of the adaptation and validation to the Italian context of the FREE and the CSI scales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 120 Italian students took part in this first step. Six focus groups were conducted to explore the Context sensitivity, Emotional Flexibility, and Flexible Regulation of Emotional Expression constructs in the Italian context. Verbatim transcripts were analyzed with T-LAB software and two kinds of analyses were performed. RESULTS: Results of the Thematic Analysis of Elementary Contexts showed four clusters: "emotional flexibility", "emotion management", "emotion regulation", and "context sensitivity". Results of Factorial Analysis of Correspondences indicated three factors with the first two factors explaining about 80% of the variance. Factor 1, which opposed "emotional flexibility" and "context sensitivity" at its negative pole; "emotion management" and "emotion regulation" at its positive pole, was named "Cognitive and emotive functions of mind". Factor 2, which opposed "context sensitivity" and "emotion regulation" on the positive pole, "emotional flexibility" and "emotion management" on the negative pole, was named "Elaboration-adaptation as aim of the subject". CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary results obtained through a qualitative approach supported the validity of the flexible regulation of emotional expression and the context sensitivity constructs in the Italian context. These results will be tested with a quantitative approach in the next steps of this research.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] Development of the Italian versions of the FREE Scale and the CSI. Theoretical considerations and preliminary analysis
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)94-100
Numero di pagine7
RivistaRivista di Psichiatria
Volume57
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Students
  • Emotions
  • Italy

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