Development of a sensing array for human breath analysis based on SWCNT layers functionalized with semiconductor organic molecules

Stefania Pagliara, Nadia Mores, Umberto Moscato, Paolo Montuschi, Luigi Ermenegildo Sangaletti, Sonia Freddi, Giovanni Drera, Maria Chiesa, AV Emelianov, II Bobrinetskiy, DS Kopylova, G Santini, AG Nasibulin

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

A sensor array based on heterojunctions between semiconducting organic layers and single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) films is produced to explore applications in breathomics, the molecular analysis of exhaled breath. The array is exposed to gas/volatiles relevant to specific diseases (ammonia, ethanol, acetone, 2-propanol, sodium hypochlorite, benzene, hydrogen sulfide, and nitrogen dioxide). Then, to evaluate its capability to operate with real relevant biological samples the array is exposed to human breath exhaled from healthy subjects. Finally, to provide a proof of concept of its diagnostic potential, the array is exposed to exhaled breath samples collected from subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an airway chronic inflammatory disease not yet investigated with CNT-based sensor arrays, and the results are compared to those from healthy subjects breathprints. Principal component analysis shows that the sensor array is able to detect various target gas/volatiles with a clear fingerprint on a 2D subspace, is suitable for breath profiling in exhaled human breath, and is able to distinguish subjects with COPD from healthy subjects based on their breathprints. The classification ability is further improved by selecting the most responsive sensors to nitrogen dioxide, which is proposed as a biomarker of COPD
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaAdvanced healthcare materials
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • breathomics
  • carbon nanotubes
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • electronic noses
  • hybrid heterojunctions

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