Determination of Benzalkonium Homologues and Didecyldimethylammonium in Powdered and Liquid Milk for Infants by Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography– mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS) method for the determination of benzalkonium (BAC) homologues and didecyldimethylammonium (DDAC) was developed. A satisfactory chromatographic separation of BAC homologues and DDAC was achieved using, as mobile phase, acetonitrile– aqueous 50 mM ammonium formate (pH 3.2) (93+7 v/v) at 0.3 mL min−1. The elution order of BAC homologues was from benzyldimethylhexadecylammonium chloride (C16- BAC) to benzyldimethyldecylammonium chloride (C10- BAC), the exact opposite with respect to separation using reversed liquid chromatography. The instrumental method was successfully applied to powdered and liquid milk for infants (about 50 samples). From powdered milk samples, BAC and DDAC were extracted using 5 % formic acid in methanol for 60 min at 60 °C in an ultrasonic bath; after dilution with water and 5 % NH4OH solution, a purification step using a weak cationic exchange column was performed. Satisfactory limit of detections (LODs) were achieved, below 1.0 μg kg−1 and 0.05 μg L−1 for powdered and liquid milk for infants, respectively. No sample was free of BAC homologues and DDAC, and in one powdered milk sample, the contamination level exceeded 500 μg kg−1, the maximum level recommended by the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health for food and feed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-7
Numero di pagine7
RivistaFood Analytical Methods
Volume6
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • HILIC
  • benzalkonium
  • contaminants
  • didecyldimethylammonium
  • milk for infants

Fingerprint

Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Determination of Benzalkonium Homologues and Didecyldimethylammonium in Powdered and Liquid Milk for Infants by Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo