The treatment of non muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) encompasses a range of different procedures. Electromotive drug administration (EMDA) and chemo-hyperthermia (C-HT; Synergo) represent a minimally-invasive methods of intravesical instillation of therapeutic agents as mitomycin C (MMC). We selected patients with high grade NMIBC, BCG non responder, treated with EMDA/MMC and C-HT/MMC and we also examined the morphological changes in urine cytology samples. During the period from 2012 to 2014, 110 patients with high grade NMIBC, BCG refractory were selected. All cases examined were classified according to The Paris System Classification as negative for high urothelial carcinoma (NHGUC) or atypical urothelial cells (AUC) with a mean of follow-up of 15 months and the cytological diagnosis were confirmed by histological biopsies. In particular 50 patients were treated with EMDA/MMC and 60 patients underwent to C-HT/MMC. The morphological changes were evaluated in urine samples processed by Thin Prep method. In the 50 patients treated with EMDA/MMC, 35 samples were classified as NHGUC and 15 cases were classified as AUC, while in the 60 patients treated with C-HT/MMC, 43 samples were NHGUC and 17 cases were classified AUC. The increase of cellularity and nuclear size with the alteration of nuclear/cytoplasmatic ratio (N/C) were common in patients treated with EMDA/MMC and C-HT/MMC without clinical and histological evidence of recurrence of neoplasia. The hyperchromasia and irregular nuclear chromatin were rarely observed. The irregular nuclear membrane rarely identified in urine cytology after EMDA/MMC treatment, is a feature present in patients C-HT/MMC treated.
- Bladder histology
- Cell Biology
- Chemo-hyperthermia (C-HT, Synergo)
- Electromotive drug administration (EMDA)
- Urinary cytology