Cyclin D1 gene amplification in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas: prognostic significance and clinical implications

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

The cyclin D1 (CCND1) gene is amplified, rearranged, and overexpressed frequently in human cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma. The gene dosage of CCND1 was examined in 51 primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas, and amplification of the gene was found in 9 (17.6%) cases. CCND1 amplification did not correlate with age, tumor localization and extension, cervical lymph node involvement, histopathological grading, and epidermal growth factor receptor levels. In a univariate analysis, CCND1 amplification, tumor extension, lymph node involvement, poor histological differentiation, and high epidermal growth factor receptor levels were correlated significantly with shorter overall survival. In a median follow-up period of 29 months, the overall survival rate was 71.4% for patients affected with tumors displaying a normal CCND1 dosage and only 25.0% for patients affected with tumors carrying amplified CCND1 (P = 0.0288). In a multivariate analysis, only CCND1 and tumor extension retained statistically significant prognostic values (P = 0.037 and 0.041, respectively). This is the first report in which CCND1 amplification is identified as a significant independent prognostic factor in laryngeal carcinoma. Evaluation of CCND1 amplification could be applicable to the clinical management of laryngeal cancer, allowing identification of patients with poor prognoses.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)175-180
Numero di pagine6
RivistaClinical Cancer Research
Volume2
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1996

Keywords

  • head and neck cancer

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