Current Choices and Management of Treatment in Persons with Severe Hemophilia A without Inhibitors: A Mini‐Delphi Consensus

Antonio Coppola, Massimo Franchini, Giovanni Pappagallo, Alessandra Borchiellini, Raimondo De Cristofaro, Angelo Claudio Molinari, Rita Carlotta Santoro, Cristina Santoro, Annarita Tagliaferri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review


Background. Regular treatment to prevent bleeding and consequent joint deterioration (prophylaxis) is the standard of care for persons with severe hemophilia A, traditionally based on intravenous infusions of the deficient clotting FVIII concentrates (CFCs). In recent years, extended half‐life (EHL) CFCs and the non‐replacement agent emicizumab, subcutaneously administered, have reduced the treatment burden. Methods. To compare and integrate the opinions on the different therapies available, eight hemophilia specialists were involved in drafting items of interest and relative statements through the Estimate‐Talk‐Estimate (ETE) method (“mini‐Delphi”), in this way reaching consensus. Results. Eighteen items were identified, then harmonized to 10, and a statement was generated for each. These statements highlight the importance of personalized prophylaxis regimens. CFCs, particularly EHL products, seem more suitable for this, despite the challenging intravenous (i.v.) administration. Limited real‐world experience, particularly in some clinical settings, and the lack of evidence on long‐term safety and efficacy of non‐replacement agents, require careful individual risk/benefit assessment and multidisciplinary data collection. Conclusions. The increased treatment options extend the opportunities of personalized prophylaxis, the mainstay of modern management of hemophilia. Close, long‐term clinical and laboratory follow‐up of patients using newer therapeutic approaches by specialized hemophilia treatment centers is needed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)801-810
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Clinical Medicine
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022


  • Consensus
  • Emicizumab
  • Extended‐half‐life factor VIII concentrates
  • Factor VIII concentrates
  • Hemophilia A
  • Mini‐Delphi
  • Non‐replacement therapy
  • Prophylaxis


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