Current and emerging evidence-based treatment options in chronic migraine: A narrative review

Paolo Calabresi, Elio Clemente Agostoni, Piero Barbanti, Bruno Colombo, Pietro Cortelli, Fabio Frediani, Pietrangelo Geppetti, Licia Grazzi, Massimo Leone, Paolo Martelletti, Luigi Alberto Pini, Maria Pia Prudenzano, Paola Sarchielli, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Antonio Russo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

30 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Chronic migraine is a disabling condition that is currently underdiagnosed and undertreated. In this narrative review, we discuss the future of chronic migraine management in relation to recent progress in evidence-based pharmacological treatment. Findings: Patients with chronic migraine require prophylactic therapy to reduce the frequency of migraine attacks, but the only currently available evidence-based prophylactic treatment options for chronic migraine are topiramate and onabotulinumtoxinA. Improved prophylactic therapy is needed to reduce the high burden of chronic migraine in Italy. Monoclonal antibodies that target the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) pathway of migraine pathogenesis have been specifically developed for the prophylactic treatment of chronic migraine. These anti-CGRP/R monoclonal antibodies have demonstrated good efficacy and excellent tolerability in phase II and III clinical trials, and offer new hope to patients who are currently not taking any prophylactic therapy or not benefitting from their current treatment. Conclusions: Treatment of chronic migraine is a dynamic and rapidly advancing area of research. New developments in this field have the potential to improve the diagnosis and provide more individualised treatments for this condition. Establishing a culture of prevention is essential for reducing the personal, social and economic burden of chronic migraine.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-9
Numero di pagine9
RivistaTHE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
Volume20
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Anti-CGRP monoclonal antibodies
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Botulinum Toxins, Type A
  • Chronic Disease
  • Chronic migraine
  • Disabled Persons
  • Fremanezumab
  • Humans
  • Migraine Disorders
  • Prophylaxis
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Topiramate
  • onabotulinumtoxinA

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