Culturomic and quantitative real-time-polymerase chain reaction analyses for early contamination of abutments with different surfaces: A randomized clinical trial

Luigi Canullo, Luca Masucci, Gianluca Quaranta, Romeo Patini, Vito Carlo Alberto Caponio, Paolo Pesce, Andrea Ravidà, David Penarrocha-Oltra, Miguel Penarrocha-Diago

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Background: Rough and/or plasma-activated abutments seem to be able to increase soft tissue adhesion and stability; however, limited evidence is available about bacterial contamination differences. Purpose: The aim was to investigate the oral microbiota on four dental abutments with different surfaces by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and culturomic approach. Methods: Forty patients needing a single implant rehabilitation were involved in the study. Forty healing abutments, especially designed for the study, were divided into four groups according to the surface topography (1. machined [MAC], 2. machined plasma of argon treated [plasmaMAC], 3. ultrathin threaded microsurface [UTM], 4. UTM plasma of argon treated [Plasma UTM]). Random assignment was performed according to predefined randomization tables. All patients underwent surgical intervention for implant and contextual healing abutment positioning. After 2 months of healing, a sterile cotton swab was used for microbiological sampling for culturomics, while sterile paper points inserted into the sulcus were used for qRT-PCR. Results: At the end of the study, 36 patients completed all procedures and a total of 36 abutments (9 per group) were analyzed. qRT-PCR retrieved data for 23 bacterial species whereas culturomics revealed the presence of 74 different bacteria, most of them not routinely included into oral cavity microbiological kits of analysis or never found before in the oral microenvironment. No statistically significant differences emerged analyzing the four different surfaces (p = 0.053). On the contrary, higher total and specific bacterial counts were detected in the plasma-treated surfaces compared to the untreated ones (p = 0.021). Conclusions: Abutments with different topographies and surface treatments resulted contaminated by similar oral bacterial flora. Abutments with moderately rough surface were not associated with a greater bacterial adhesion compared to machined ones. Conversely, more bacteria were found around plasma-treated abutments. Furthermore, data reported suggested to include new species not previously sought in the routine analyses of the oral bacterial microflora.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)568-578
Numero di pagine11
RivistaClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021


  • Dental Abutments
  • Dental Implants
  • Humans
  • RCT
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Surface Properties
  • Titanium
  • dental abutments
  • dental implants
  • oral microbiota
  • surface properties


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