We aimed to demonstrate that coronary CT angiography (cCTA) can be used to non-invasively study the effect of hemodynamic factors in the pathophysiology of plaque formation. cCTA data of 73 patients were analyzed. All detected plaques were classified according to location (bifurcation, non-branching segment), configuration (eccentric, concentric), orientation (myocardial, lateral, epicardial side of the vessel wall), and composition (calcified, mixed, non-calcified). Bifurcation lesions were further characterized using the Medina classification. Of 382 plaques, 8.1% were in the LM, 46.3% in the LAD, 18.3% in the LCx, and 25.9% in the RCA. Also, 25.1% were completely calcified, 72.3% were mixed, and 2.6% were purely non-calcified. Of the plaques, 51.3% were bifurcation lesions. The most frequent (40%) Medina pattern was 1.1.0 (lesion starts before, extends beyond bifurcation, sparing the side branch). Eighty percent of plaques were eccentric. A significant (p < 0.01) majority (55%) were on the myocardial side, while 17.3% were lateral, and 27.7% epicardial. Of all non-calcified and mixed plaques, 45.1% (p < 0.01) were myocardial, whereas only 14.3% were lateral, 20.6% epicardial, and 19.9% concentric. We conclude that cCTA can non-invasively study the effect of vascular hemodynamics, such as turbulent flow (bifurcations) and low shear stress (myocardial vessel wall), on the distribution and composition of atherosclerotic plaque deposition.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2008|
- coronary ct