Objective To study the prevalence of congenital syphilis and its risk factors in Italy. Study design Prospective study from 1 July 2006 to 30 June 2007. Data on mother–child pairs were collected for every syphilis seropositive mother. Results Maternal syphilis seroprevalence at delivery was 0.17%. 207 infants were born to 203 syphilis seropositive mothers. In 25 newborns it was possible to diagnose congenital syphilis (20/100 000 live births). Maternal risk factors included age <20 years, no antenatal care and no adequate treatment. The infected babies were more often preterm or weighed <2000 g at birth. Discussion Many syphilis seropositive mothers were foreign born but the risk of an infected newborn was not higher in foreign-born than in Italian seropositive women. The significant factors were lack of antenatal screening and inadequate maternal treatment. Conclusion Syphilis is a re-emerging infection in Italy. Prevention strategies should include antenatal serological tests for all pregnant women and treatment for infected mothers.
|Numero di pagine||3|
|Rivista||Archives of Disease in Childhood|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2010|
- congenital infection