Angiographic and electrocardiographic (ECG) indexes of microvascular obstruction (MVO) have been described. We aimed at assessing by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) anatomical features underlying concordance between them.
Forty-one patients were enrolled. Patients presented with neither angiographic nor ECG indexes of MVO (without MVO) (44%), with either angiographic or ECG indexes of MVO (discordant with MVO) (22%) or with both angiographic and ECG indexes of MVO (concordant with MVO) (34%). All patients underwent in-hospital CMR. Echocardiographic data obtained after 6 months were compared with those obtained in hospital.
Concordant patients with MVO had larger infarct size, lower myocardial salvage index and higher rate of myocardial haemorrhage (all assessed by CMR) [33% (25-41%), 15% (10-29%) and 88%, respectively] as compared with patients without MVO [12% (9-16%), 66% (52-79%) and 0%; Bonferroni-adjusted P < 0.001, Bonferroni-adjusted P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively], or with discordant ones [25% (21-39%), 35% (20-48%) and 7%; Bonferroni-adjusted P = 0.03, Bonferroni-adjusted P = 0.002 and P = 0.04, respectively]. After 6 months, ejection fraction significantly decreased in concordant patients with MVO (P < 0.001) without significant changes in the other groups.
Concordance of angiographic and ECG indexes of MVO reflects more severe myocardial damage translating into unfavourable left ventricular remodelling.
- microvascular obstruction
- myocardial haemorrhage