Comparative one-month safety and effectiveness of five leading new-generation devices for transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Alessandro Giordano, Carlo Trani, Francesco Burzotta, Sergio Conte, Elisa Romagnoli, Maria Pepe, Pasquale Rubino, Elena Tremoli, Alessandra Maria Marchese, Claudio Cuccia, Arturo Giordano, Nicola Corcione, Paolo Ferraro, Alberto Morello, Sirio Conte, Luca Testa, Francesco Bedogni, Alessandro Iadanza, Sergio Berti, Damiano RegazzoliMartino Pepe, Giacomo Frati, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Corrado Tamburino, Federica Ettori, Anna Sonia Petronio, Mauro Rinaldi, Silvio Klugmann, Paolo Rubino, Alfredo Marchese, Gennaro Sardella, Gianfranco Pistis, Elvis Brscic, Pietro Giudice, Luigi Piatti, Diego Ardissino, Ciro Indolfi, Francesco Chiarella, Maurizio Tespili, Stefano De Servi, Roberto Bonmassari, Antonio Fappani, Alberto Cremonesi, Fabrizio Tomai

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

12 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for aortic stenosis is becoming an appealing alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients and to medical therapy for inoperable ones. Several new-generation TAVI devices have been recently introduced, but comparative analyses are lacking. We aimed to compare 1-month outcomes associated with such five leading new-generation TAVI devices exploiting data collected in the prospective observational RISPEVA (Registro Italiano GISE sull’impianto di Valvola Aortica Percutanea) Study. We queried the dataset of the ongoing RISPEVA study to retrieve baseline, procedural and 1-month outcome details of patients undergoing TAVI with Acurate, Evolut, Portico, Lotus, and Sapien3. Analysis was based on unadjusted and propensity score-adjusted methods. We included 1976 patients, 234 (11.8%) treated with Acurate, 703 (35.6%) with Evolut, 151 (7.6%) with Lotus, 347 (17.6%) with Portico, and 541 (27.4%) with Sapien3. Unadjusted analysis for baseline features highlighted several significant differences, and other discrepancies were found for procedural features. Despite these differences, device and procedural success were similarly high (ranging from 98.0% to 99.4%, p > 0.05). However, procedural valve migration appeared more common with Acurate (p = 0.007), and major bleeding with Sapien3 (p = 0.002). Unadjusted analysis for 1-month outcomes also highlighted significant differences in the composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, major vascular complication, major bleeding, or renal failure (favoring Portico, p < 0.001), major vascular complications (favoring Lotus, p < 0.001), renal failure (favoring Portico, p = 0.035), and permanent pacemaker implantation (favoring Acurate, p < 0.001). Propensity score-adjusted analyses showed lower rates of major adverse events with Evolut and Portico (p < 0.05), major vascular complications with Lotus and Portico (p < 0.05), renal failure with Sapien3 (p < 0.05) and permanent pacemaker implantation with Acurate (p < 0.05). In conclusion, new-generation TAVI devices have different profiles of early comparative safety and efficacy. These findings should be taken into account for individualized decision making and patient management.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)17098-N/A
RivistaScientific Reports
Volume9
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • implantation
  • transcatheter aortic valve

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