Combined treatment with atorvastatin and minocycline suppresses severity of EAE

Filippo Biamonte, Ilaria Luccarini, Clara Ballerini, Tiziana Biagioli, A Bellucci, Maria Cristina Rosi, Cristina Grossi, Luca Massacesi, Fiorella Casamenti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

48 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). An approach to improve MS treatment is to identify a rational combination of new medications or existing therapies that impact different aspects of the disease process. Statins are effective in the treatment of MS animal models and are promising candidates for future treatment. Minocycline ameliorates clinical severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and exhibits several anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activities. In this study, we tested whether the combination of these two drugs could produce beneficial effects in EAE mice immunized with myelin oligodendrocyte protein (MOG). Our findings show that combined treatment, compared to using the medications alone, resulted in a significant reduction in disease severity, in both the acute and chronic phases of the disease, along with attenuation of inflammation, demyelination and axonal loss. Stereological analysis revealed that the combined treatment significantly guarded against neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Moreover, a significant suppression of anti-MOG antibody production in animals treated with the two medications was found. In conclusion, our findings prove that this combination of drugs is neuroprotective and suppresses the severity of EAE. Furthermore, this pharmacological approach appears to be promising as a future therapeutic strategy to control MS.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)214-226
Numero di pagine13
RivistaExperimental Neurology
Volume211 (1)
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2008

Keywords

  • Inglese

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