Background: Undifferentiated/dedifferentiated endometrial carcinoma (UEC/DDEC) is a heterogeneous entity, which may show any of the TCGA molecular signatures and loss of the switch/sucrose nonfermentable (SWI/SNF) proteins expression. Aim: To assess the clinico-pathological significance of the TCGA molecular groups and SWI/SNF proteins expression in UEC/DDEC, through a quantitative systematic review. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for all studies assessing the TCGA molecular groups, i.e. POLE-mutant, mismatch repair-deficient (MMRd), p53-abnormal (p53abn) and no specific molecular profile (NSMP), and/or the SWI/SNF proteins (SMARCA4/BRG1, SMARCB1/INI1, ARID1B) expression in UEC/DDEC. Student t-test, Fisher's exact test and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis with long-rank test were used to assess differences among groups; a p-value<0.05 was considered significant. Results: Eight studies were included in the systematic review. Among the TCGA groups, the mean patient age was significantly higher in the p53abn group than in the NSMP group (p = 0.048). The POLE-mutant group showed advanced FIGO stage (III-IV) significantly less commonly than the NSMP (p = 0.003) and MMRd (p = 0.008) groups, and a significantly better prognosis than the NSMP (p = 0.007), MMRd (p = 0.011) and p53abn (p = 0.045) groups.The SWI/SNF-deficient cases showed a significantly worse prognosis than the SWI/SNF-intact cases (p = 0.010), while no significant differences were found regarding patient age and FIGO stage. Conclusions: Among UEC/DDEC, POLE-mutant cases show good prognosis, while SWI/SNF-deficient cases show poor prognosis. The other TCGA molecular subtypes seem to be characterized by an intermediate biological behaviour. On this account, UEC/DDEC patients might be subdivided into three risk groups based on POLE and SWI/SNF status. Further studies are necessary in this field.
- MMR deficiency
- Undifferentiated/dedifferentiated endometrial carcinoma (UEC/DDEC)
- Switch/sucrose nonfermentable (SWI/SNF) proteins
- TGCA molecular subgroups