Clinical–neurophysiological correlations in a series of patients with IgM-related neuropathy

Luca Padua, Mario Sabatelli, Marco Luigetti, Salvatore Mazza, Paolo Maria Rossini, Mauro Lo Monaco

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

18 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective We aim to draw clinical–neurophysiological correlations in our cohort of patients affected by IgM-related neuropathy to investigate whether neurophysiological parameters may help differentiate the classical phenotype from atypical forms. Methods We retrospectively evaluated patients with IgM-related neuropathy referred to our Institute from 1990 to 2011. All patients underwent extensive laboratory, clinical and neurophysiological evaluation. Results A classic sensory-ataxic form was observed in 20 of 34 patients, while an atypical phenotype (multiple mononeuropathy, polyneuropathy with predominant motor impairment, painful small-fibre neuropathy) was identified in the remaining 14 cases. Nerve conduction studies revealed in almost all cases a pattern typical of demyelination. A reduced terminal latency index and a prolonged distal motor latency of median nerve, as well as a prolonged distal motor latency and a reduced motor conduction velocity of peroneal nerve when recorded from extensor digitorum brevis, were significantly associated with classic sensory-ataxic phenotype. Conversely, a compound muscle action potential amplitude reduction of peroneal nerve from the tibialis anterior, was mostly associated with atypical forms. Conclusions No clear electrophysiological differences between classical forms and atypical cases can be identified in IgM-related neuropathy. Still, we demonstrated that demyelinating abnormalities are more often associated with classical phenotypes, while axonal impairment occurs more often in atypical clinical patterns. Significance Performing correlations between clinical and neurophysiological findings in IgM-related neuropathy may help to better understand different disease mechanisms in this heterogeneous form of inflammatory neuropathy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1899-1903
Numero di pagine5
RivistaClinical Neurophysiology
Volume124
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • Anti-MAG
  • Clinical phenotype
  • Distal motor latency
  • IgM-related neuropathy
  • Neurophysiology
  • Terminal latency index

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