AIMS: Thrombectomy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated to better myocardial reperfusion. However, no single trial was adequately powered to asses the impact of thrombectomy on long-term clinical outcome and to identify patients at higher benefit. Thus, we sought to assess these issues in a collaborative individual patient-data pooled analysis of randomized studies (study acronym: ATTEMPT, number of registration: NCT00766740). METHODS AND RESULTS: Individual data of 2686 patients enrolled in 11 trials entered the pooled analysis. Primary endpoint of the study was all-cause mortality. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were considered as the occurrence of all-cause death and/or target lesion/vessel revascularization and/or myocardial infarction (MI). Subgroups analysis was planned according to type of thrombectomy device (manual or non-manual), diabetic status, IIb/IIIa-inhibitor therapy, ischaemic time, infarct-related artery, pre-PCI TIMI flow. Clinical follow-up was available in 2674 (99.6%) patients at a median of 365 days. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that allocation to thrombectomy was associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality (P = 0.049). Thrombectomy was also associated with significantly reduced MACE (P = 0.011) and death + MI rate during the follow-up (P = 0.015). Subgroups analysis showed that thrombectomy is associated to improved survival in patients treated with IIb/IIIa-inhibitors (P = 0.045) and that the survival benefit is confined to patients treated in manual thrombectomy trials (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: The present large pooled analysis of randomized trials suggests that thrombectomy (in particular manual thrombectomy) significantly improves the clinical outcome in patients with STEMI undergoing mechanical reperfusion and that its effect may be additional to that of IIb/IIIa-inhibitors.
- Long-term clinical outcome