Clinical impact of routine angiographic follow-up after percutaneous coronary interventions on unprotected left main

Francesco Burzotta, Filippo Crea, Carlo Trani, Cristina Aurigemma, Italo Porto, Giampaolo Niccoli, Antonio Maria Leone

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) on unprotected left main (ULM) represent a complex subset. The role of routine coronary angiography at follow up in this subset remains debated. Methods: At the documented center, all patients undergoing successful PCI on ULM lesions performing angiographic follow-up is suggested, but adherence to such a recommendation is inhomogeneous. Consecutive patients undergoing DES PCI on ULM were enrolled and experienced no adverse events during the first 6 months. Patients were then allocated to two groups: those undergoing routine control angiography (CA) and those undergoing clinical follow-up (CF). Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction and urgent repeat target vessel revascularization. Results: A total of 190 patients underwent successful DES implantation on ULM and the study population was without early events. CA was performed at 6 months after the index procedure in 91 (48%) patients. After 35 ± 21 months, MACE rates were significantly more common in the CF group as compared with the CA group (16.2% vs. 4.3%, p = 0.009). At multivariable analysis, CA was associated with reduced MACE risk (HR 0.13, 95% CI 0.1–0.7, p = 0.028). Of note, this was mainly driven by higher cardiac death rate in those undergoing CF than in those undergoing CA (p = 0.01). Conclusions: CA after complex PCI, such as ULM PCI, is associated with reduced MACE. Such an observation calls for appropriately designed randomized trials.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)582-588
Numero di pagine7
RivistaCardiology Journal
Volume25
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Coronary angiography
  • Percutaneous coronary interventions
  • Unprotected left main

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