Clinical and radiographic assessment of implant-supported rehabilitation of partial and complete edentulism: a 2 to 8 years clinical follow-up

Paolo Francesco Manicone, Antonio D'Addona, Roberta Pastorino, Armando Manni, G. Pasquantonio

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to find out the rates of survival and success of implant rehabilitation, and the influence of some risk indicators on the medium- and long-term prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 102 patients eligible for this study rehabilitated with dental implants during the years 2009-2015, 75 patients with 156 implants of different implant systems placed and loaded by the same team were recalled. For each subject, pocket-probing depth, bleeding on probing, plaque buildup, mobility of the fixtures, and the presence/absence of prosthetic complications were recorded. Radiographic evaluation was based on the analysis of bone levels around the fixtures, as shown by intraoral radiographs. RESULTS: The average follow-up was 4.4 years, ranging from 1.5 to 7.8 years. One hundred and fifty-four of the implants survived, while two implants failed; 98.8% of the prostheses survived, while 75.9% were successful. Success was achieved in 90.4% of implants and in 80% of patients. The sample showed average radiographic bone resorption of 1.09 mm. The average pocket probing depth was 2.79 mm. Bleeding on probing was found in 18% of all sites, and 59.6% of implants showed bleeding on probing in at least one site. Mucositis was found in 90% of patients, and peri-implantitis was found in 16% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The rates of success and survival showed the reliability of implant therapy. Plaque accumulation, smoking and upper jaw location, seem to increase the risk of failure of implant-supported rehabilitation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)4045-4052
Numero di pagine8
RivistaEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume22
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • dental implants, prosthesis
  • success, complications

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