Chlorophyll a fluorescence analysis along a vertical gradient of the crown in a poplar (Oxford clone) subjected to ozone and water stress

Giacomo Alessandro Gerosa, Riccardo Marzuoli, Rosanna Desotgiu, Filippo Bussotti, Martina Pollastrini, Chiara Cascio

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

41 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

An experiment in open-top chambers was carried out in summer 2008 at Curno (Northern Italy) in order to study the effects of ozone and mild water stress on poplar cuttings (Oxford clone). In this experiment direct fluorescence parameters (JIP-test) were measured in leaves from different sections of the crown (L: lower; M: medium; U: upper parts of the crown). The parameters considered were calculated at the different steps of the fluorescence transient, and include maximum quantum yield efficiency in the dark-adapted state (Fv/FM); the L-band, at 100 μs, that expresses the stability of the tripartite system reaction centre—harvesting light complex—core antenna; the K-band, at 300 μs, that expresses the efficiency of the oxygen-evolving complex; the J-phase, at 2 ms, that expresses the efficiency with which a trapped exciton can move an electron into the electron transport chain from QA − to the intersystem electron acceptors; the IP-phase, which expresses the efficiency of electron transport around the photosystem 1 (PSI) to reduce the final acceptors of the electron transport chain, i.e., ferredoxin and NADP; and finally the performance index total (PItot) for energy conservation from photons absorbed by PSII to the reduction flux of PSI end acceptors. The main results are: (i) different dynamics were observed between leaves in the lower section, whose PItot decreased over time, and those in the upper sections in which it increased, with a dynamic connected to the leaf age; (ii) ozone depressed all the considered fluorescence parameters in basal leaves of well-watered plants, while it had little or no damaging effect on medium-level or upper-section leaves; (iii) PItot and IP-phase increased in upper leaves of plants subjected to ozone stress, as well as the net photosynthesis; (iv) water stress increased PItot of leaves in all levels of the crown. The results suggest that ozone-damaged poplar plants compensate, at least partially, for the loss of photosynthesis with higher photosynthetic rates in young leaves (in the upper section of the crown), more efficient to fix carbon.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)976-986
Numero di pagine11
RivistaTree Physiology
Volume2012
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012

Keywords

  • JIP_test
  • Open-top chambers
  • chlorophyll a fluorescence
  • crown levels
  • ozone
  • photosynthesis
  • poplar 'Oxford' clone
  • water stress

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