Characterization of gut microbiota in patients with metabolic syndrome candidates for bariatric/metabolic surgery: Preliminary findings of a multi-center prospective study

Maurizio Sanguinetti, Ornella Verrastro, Martina Musella, Marco Raffaelli, Giovanni Delogu, Flavio De Maio, Francesco Greco, Cristian Eugeniu Boru, Marcello Avallone, Nunzio Velotti, Danila Capoccia, Gloria Guarisco, Manuela Nogara, Brunella Capaldo, Mario Musella, Gianfranco Silecchia, Frida Leonetti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Introduction: gut microbiota (GM) seems to be involved in the pathophysiology and progression of both metabolic syndrome (MS) and obesity. The aim was to investigate GM's composition in patients with severe obesity, candidates for bariatric/metabolic surgery BMS. Materials and Methods: Multicentre, prospective, cohort study, enrolling 84 patients with BMI 40–55 kg/m2, divided by metabolic status (MS) in healthy (group A), pre-MS (B), or MS (C). Results: No differences were found regarding anthropometric, nutritional parameters, except for vitamin D. As a whole the alpha and beta diversity examinations showed no statistical differences in GM profile. A total of 5/7 phyla with relative frequencies were identified above 0.1% (Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Verrucomicrobia). Fusobacteria and Patescibacteria represented the less abundant. There were no significant differences in the top ten genera. Data on Bacteroidetes (inversely related to triglycerides and LDL and directly related to HDL levels) and on Firmicutes (opposite trend) relative abundances suggest no differences among the three conditions. No correlation between the relative abundance of the main phyla and plasmatic glucose levels was observed. Conclusions: In a selected cohort of patients with obesity, MS did not affect the preoperative GM's profile. Severe obesity, per se, seems to be an independent condition affecting GM.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume180
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Bariatric Surgery
  • Bariatric/metabolic surgery
  • Cohort Studies
  • Gastric bypass
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome
  • Gut microbiota
  • Humans
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity
  • Prospective Studies

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