The project aims at the characterization and conservation of regional maize landraces. Genetic
material, consisting of 32 accessions, was retrieved both from recent surveys in Emilia Romagna,
11 accessions, and from the germplasm bank of CREA-MAC (Bergamo), 21 accessions. In
particular, these last samples derive from the whole Italian collection of maize landraces carried out
in the 50’s by Brandolini and Fenaroli. In the first two years of the project, we carried out the
landrace census and field characterization of the different materials according to UPOV guidelines
and prepared, for each accession, a descriptive sheet. For each landrace, 100 seeds were sown and,
from each plant, leaf samples were collected for DNA analysis. Approximately 2,000 plants, around
60 plants per landrace, were sampled. Each landrace is maintained in field by controlled randomintermating.
For genetic analyses, 80 SSR markers were tested to identify the 10 most polymorphic
to be used for the genetic characterization of all samples. . In parallel to these activities, an
agronomic trial has been set up with the 32 landraces on four replicates to investigate production
potential and resistance to mycotoxigenic fungi, with a special focus on Fusarium verticillioides.
Considering that landraces can be exploited in conditions of low input agriculture, one of the
objectives of the project is the identification of the best performing landraces suitable for cultivation
nowadays (with a particular interest at mountain and disadvantaged areas). With this purpose, seeds,
obtained from the propagation carried out in the first year, were distributed to partner farms and
fields have been set-up in different hilly and mountainous areas of the region Emilia Romagna.
These fields are presently underway with the double aim to evaluate the landraces in low input
conditions and to propagate seeds for the future cultivation. The work was supported by PSR 2014-
2020, Emilia Romagna Region.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite
|SCIENCE AND INNOVATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE INTENSIFICATION: THE CONTRIBUTION OF PLANT GENETICS AND BREEDING
|Numero di pagine
|Stato di pubblicazione
|Pubblicato - 2019
|LXIII SIGA Annual Congress - Napoli
Durata: 10 set 2020 → 13 set 2020
|LXIII SIGA Annual Congress
|10/9/20 → 13/9/20
- landraces, conservation varieties, biodiversity, population genetics, Zea mays