Characteristics of mental health interventions in a cohort of Italian PLWH over the last five years: impact of HIV disease and outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic

Valentina Delle Donne, Valentina Massaroni, Alberto Borghetti, Arturo Ciccullo, Alex Dusina, Francesca Lombardi, Rebecca Jo Steiner, Valentina Iannone, Pierluigi Francesco Salvo, Simona Di Giambenedetto

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Evidence accumulated during past years confirm that people living with HIV (PLWH) still have to deal with comorbidities and chronic complications that can increase physical and psychological issues and can affect daily functioning, quality of life and mental health. Moreover, during the COVID-19 pandemic PLWH proved to be a population at increased risk of psychological distress. We explored the ongoing issues and the characteristics of the mental health interventions for which a cohort of Italian PLWH interacted with a psychologist over the past five years. We analysed a dataset that included 61 PLWH who underwent a psychological intervention between 2018 and 2022. We compared different frequencies in characteristics of mental health interventions according to different demographic and clinical variables, psychopathological symptoms and time of the request for intervention. We showed that psychopathological symptoms most frequently reported by patients were anxiety (55.7%), and depression (49.2%). Furthermore, we reported that most our patients undertook occasional psychological support meetings (31%), sought an intervention after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic (62.3%) and complained about disclosure issues (48.5%). Disclosure issues were mainly reported by younger PLWH (p = 0.002) with a shorter disease (p = 0.031) and treatment history (p = 0.032), and higher interpersonal sensitivity (p = 0.042). It seems fundamental to integrate psychological interventions into the care of PLWH, to give particular attention to PLWH with risky demographic, clinical and mental health factors and to pay special attention to emergency conditions (such as the COVID-19 pandemic) and the most widespread issues to create ad hoc interventions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaPSYCHOLOGY, HEALTH & MEDICINE
Volume28
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2023

Keywords

  • Disclosure
  • HIV
  • Mental health
  • PLWH
  • Psychological interventions

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