The aim of the study presented here was to determine the incidence, risk factors and prognostic indicators of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection in HIV-infected subjects prior to and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). In the HAART era, the incidence of MAC infection decreased significantly from 3.7 to 0.9 per 100 person-years. Using logistic regression analysis, a high acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) III score, a low number of CD4+ cells/ mm3 and a high level of HIV viremia were found to be independent predictors of the risk to develop MAC disease; however, a high APACHE III score was the only prognostic indicator associated with an unfavourable outcome of a disseminated MAC infection. These results indicate that MAC infections, although considerably less frequent in the HAART era, are still responsible for cases of severe disease.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Rivista||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2001|
- HIV infection
- Mycobacterium Avium Complex
- risk factors