The characteristics of plum fruits of three different species were investigated throughout their development (including over-ripening). The content of primary and secondary metabolites was expressed as amount per gram DW (dry weight) and per fruit in order to obtain information about the balance between their synthesis and dissimilation at different stages of fruit development. In all the plums, during the first stages of development, glucose was the most abundant sugar, whereas sucrose increased during ripening. There was no decrease in malate content per fruit before the commercial harvesting time of any of the plums, whereas a decrease was observed during over-ripening. In general, both the total phenol content and the contents of individual phenols in the flesh expressed on gram DW decreased throughout development, whereas their content per fruit increased, indicating that these decreases were due to a dilution effect arising from the expansion of the flesh. During the development of the flesh, the increase in the contents of the investigated metabolites per fruit shows that there was no net dissimilation of malate up to commercial harvest and of phenols throughout fruit development. Good correlations between the content of phenols to antioxidant activity were found. Shiro flesh, during the last part of fruit development, had lower total carbohydrate and polyphenol contents, lower antioxidant activities, and a higher malate content than the flesh of the other two genotypes.
|Numero di pagine||18|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2019|