Change in meal size, number and duration after neural isolation of liver and with TPN

Carlo Ratto, Rocco Domenico Alfonso Bellantone, Jr Gleason, Zj Yang, F Crucitti, Mm Meguid

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The abundant neural connections between the liver and hypothalamus suggest that the liver contributes to spontaneous food intake (SFI) regulation. This hypothesis was tested in rats after total liver denervation (TLD) and infusing TPN. A sham operation (SO) or TLD was performed in Fischer rats, placed in metabolic cages fitted with an Eater Meter to measure SFI, meal number (MN), size (MZ), and duration (MD). Rats had free access to chow and water. After 22 days, a jugular catheter was placed and normal saline continuously infused for 10 days (days 22-32). Then TPN-100, providing 100% of rats daily energy needs, was infused for 3 days (days 32-35). During the post-SO/TLD and postjugular catheterization periods and during TPN-100, SFI was the same in SO controls and TLD group. However, TLD rats had decreased MZ and MD (interpreted as early satiety) and increased MN (interpreted as increased hunger) to maintain the same SFI as control rats. Although total SFI was not influenced by TLD, it significantly affected feeding pattern, suggesting that the neural isolation of the liver from the brain produces altered hypothalamic regulation of not only the onset of feeding, but also satiety.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)607-612
Numero di pagine6
RivistaPHYSIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR
Volume50
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1991

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Catheterization
  • Denervation
  • Diet
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Jugular Veins
  • Liver
  • Male
  • Parenteral Nutrition, Total
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344

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