Objective: Central venous access in critically ill newborns can be challenging. Ultrasound-guided brachio-cephalic vein catheterization is a relatively new procedure, recently introduced in several neonatal intensive care units. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of such a technique in preterm babies. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion in preterm neonates. Setting: Neonatal intensive care unit. Patients: Critically ill preterm neonates with weight below 1500 g requiring a central access. Interventions: Ultrasound-guided brachio-cephalic vein catheterization. Main Results: Thirty centrally inserted catheters were placed in 30 neonates. The success rate of the procedure was 100%. No case of accidental arterial or pleural puncture was registered during the study period. Conclusion: The brachio-cephalic vein can be safely catheterized in preterm newborns requiring intensive care after appropriate training.
- central access
- central venous catheterization
- critical ill newborn
- neonatal intensive care
- ultrasound guidance