Celiac disease and reproductive failures: an update on pathogenic mechanisms

Nicoletta Di Simone, Matteo Gratta, Roberta Castellani, Silvia D'Ippolito, Maria Lucia Specchia, Giovanni Scambia, Chiara Tersigni

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review


Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder that occurs in genetically predisposed people in which the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine that clinically presents with malabsorption-related symptoms. CD can also be the underlying cause of several nongastrointestinal symptoms. This review summarizes evidence on the relationship between CD and gynecological/obstetric disorders like reproductive failures. Although much has been reported on such a linkage, the pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear, especially those underlying extra-gastrointestinal clinical manifestations. Studies conducted on celiac subjects presenting gynecological/obstetric disorders have pointed to intestinal malabsorption, coagulation alterations, immune-mediated tissue damage, and endometrial inflammation as the main responsible pathogenic mechanisms. Currently, however, the knowledge of such mechanisms is insufficient, and further studies are needed to gain a more thorough understanding of the matter.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-6
Numero di pagine6
RivistaAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Autoimmunity
  • Reproductive failures


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