CDK5RAP2 primary microcephaly is associated with hypothalamic, retinal and cochlear developmental defects

Hala Nasser, Liza Vera, Monique Elmaleh-Bergès, Katharina Steindl, Pascaline Letard, Natacha Teissier, Anais Ernault, Fabien Guimiot, Alexandra Afenjar, Marie Laure Moutard, Delphine Héron, Yves Alembik, Martha Momtchilova, Paolo Milani, Nathalie Kubis, Nathalie Pouvreau, Marcella Zollino, Sophie Guilmin Crepon, Florentia Kaguelidou, Pierre GressensAlain Verloes, Anita Rauch, Vincent El Ghouzzi, Severine Drunat, Sandrine Passemard

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background: Primary hereditary microcephaly (MCPH) comprises a large group of autosomal recessive disorders mainly affecting cortical development and resulting in a congenital impairment of brain growth. Despite the identification of >25 causal genes so far, it remains a challenge to distinguish between different MCPH forms at the clinical level. Methods: 7 patients with newly identified mutations in CDK5RAP2 (MCPH3) were investigated by performing prospective, extensive and systematic clinical, MRI, psychomotor, neurosensory and cognitive examinations under similar conditions. Results: All patients displayed neurosensory defects in addition to microcephaly. Small cochlea with incomplete partition type II was found in all cases and was associated with progressive deafness in 4 of them. Furthermore, the CDK5RAP2 protein was specifically identified in the developing cochlea from human fetal tissues. Microphthalmia was also present in all patients along with retinal pigmentation changes and lipofuscin deposits. Finally, hypothalamic anomalies consisting of interhypothalamic adhesions, a congenital midline defect usually associated with holoprosencephaly, was detected in 5 cases. Conclusion: This is the first report indicating that CDK5RAP2 not only governs brain size but also plays a role in ocular and cochlear development and is necessary for hypothalamic nuclear separation at the midline. Our data indicate that CDK5RAP2 should be considered as a potential gene associated with deafness and forme fruste of holoprosencephaly. These children should be given neurosensory follow-up to prevent additional comorbidities and allow them reaching their full educational potential. Trial registration number: NCT01565005.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)jmedgenet-2019-106474-N/A
Numero di pagine11
RivistaJournal of Medical Genetics
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • CDK5RAP2
  • MCPH
  • intellectual disability
  • primary microcephaly
  • retinal alteration
  • sensorineural hearing loss


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