CD8+CD103+PD1+TIM3+ T cells in glioblastoma microenvironment correlate with prognosis

Giulia Romagnoli, Quintino Giorgio D'Alessandris, Imerio Capone, Andrea Tavilla, Irene Canini, Caterina Lapenta, Mariachiara Buccarelli, Martina Giordano, Valentina Tirelli, Massimo Sanchez, Alessandra Fragale, Stefano Giannetti, Rina Di Bonaventura, Liverana Lauretti, Mauro Biffoni, Lucia Ricci-Vitiani, Roberto Pallini, Lucia Gabriele

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Glioblastoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase-wildtype (GB), is the most common and aggressive primary brain malignancy with poor outcome. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been tested in GB and, despite disappointing results, the identification of a small subgroup of responders underlies the need to improve our understanding of the tumour microenvironment (TME) immunity. This study aimed to determine whether the expression of selected immune checkpoints on tissue-resident memory T cells (Trm) may predict patient outcome. We conducted a single cohort observational study. Tumour samples were collected from 45 patients with histologically confirmed GB (WHO grade 4) and processed to obtain single-cell suspensions. Patients were assessed for the correlation of Trm phenotype with overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) using multiparametric flow cytometry and uni/multivariate analyses. Levels of Trm expressing programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1) and T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM3) were found to be linked to clinical outcome. Low frequency of Trm expressing PD1 or TIM3 or both markers defined subgroups as independent positive prognostic factors for patient survival. On multivariate analysis, low CD8+CD103+PD1+TIM3+ Trm and Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >= 70 were confirmed to be the most predictive independent factors associated with longer OS (hazard ratios-HR [95%CI]: 0.14 [0.04-0.52] p < 0.001, 0.39 [0.16-0.96] p = 0.04, respectively). The CD8+CD103+ Trm subgroups were also age-related predictors for survival in GB.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)198-211
Numero di pagine14
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2024


  • PD1
  • TIM3
  • age
  • disease outcome
  • glioblastoma
  • predictors
  • tissue-resident memory T cells (Trm)


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