Peritoneal carcinosis (PC) is characterized by poor prognosis. PC is currently treated as a locoregional disease and the possibility to perform very precise treatments such as stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has opened up new therapeutic perspectives. More recently, the introduction of Magnetic Resonance-guided Radiation Therapy (MRgRT) allowed online adaptation (OA) of treatment plan to optimize daily dose distribution based on patient’s anatomy. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the effectiveness of SBRT OA workflow in an oligometastatic patient affected by PC. We report the clinical case of a patient affected by PC originating from colon cancer, previously treated with chemotherapy and surgery, addressed to OA SBRT treatment on a single chemoresistant PC nodule, delivered with a 0.35 T MR Linac. Treatment was delivered using gating approach in deep inspiration breath hold condition in order to reduce intrafraction variability. Prescription dose was 35 Gy in 5 fractions. The PTV V95% of the original plan was 96.6%, while the predicted values for the following fractions were 11.9, 56.4, 0, 0, and 61%. Similarly, the small bowel V19.5 Gy of the original plan was 4.63 cc, while the predicted values for the following fractions were 3.7, 8.6, 10.7, 1.96, 3.7 cc. Thanks to the OA approach, the re-optimized PTV V95% coverage improved to 96.1, 89.0, 85.5, 94.5, and 94%; while the small bowel V19.5 Gy to 3.36; 3.28; 1.84; 2.62; 2.6 cc respectively. After the end of RT, the patient was addressed to follow-up, and the re-evaluation 18F-FDG PET-CT was performed after 10 months from irradiation showed complete response. No acute or late toxicities were recorded. MRgRT with OA approach in PC patients is technically and clinically feasible with clean toxicity result. Online adaptive SBRT for oligometastases opens up new therapeutic scenarios in the management of this category of patients.
- colorectal cancer
- magnetic resonance guided radiation therapy
- oligometastatic disease
- online adaptive radiation therapy
- peritoneal metastases
- stereotactic body radiation therapy