Carrier-mediated and carrier-independent release of serotonin from isolated central nerve endings

Maria Martire, G Maura, A Gemignani, P Versace, M. Raiteri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

41 Citazioni (Scopus)


The release of serotonin elicited by Ca(2+)-dependent stimuli (depolarization, ionophore A23187) from rat brain synaptosomes previously labelled with the radioactive indoleamine was not affected by the presence of the serotonin carrier blocker chlorimipramine. In contrast, other releasing stimuli, such as superfusion with a Na(+)-free medium or exposure to various releasing drugs (fenfluramine, p-chloroamphetamine, tryptamine and mianserin, both in normal Krebs-Ringer medium and in low-Na(+) medium), evoked efflux of serotonin from nerve endings which was prevented by chlorimipramine. The results indicate that serotonin can be released from central nerve endings by two mechanisms, differentially affected by the blockade of the membrane carrier system: the characteristics of the Ca(2+)-dependent release are compatible with an exocytotic mechanism, whereas the release induced by lack of Na(+) or by phenylethylamines and tryptamine appears to occur by outward transport mediated by the membrane carrier.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)219-224
Numero di pagine6
RivistaNeurochemistry International
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1982


  • carrier-independent release
  • carrier-mediated release


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