Carbohydrate digestion and predicted glycemic index of bakery/confectionary ex-food intended for pig nutrition

Matteo Ottoboni, Marco Tretola, Alice Luciano, Gianluca Giuberti, Antonio Gallo, Luciano Pinotti

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8 Citazioni (Scopus)


This study evaluated the predicted glycemic index (pGI) in former food products (FFPs), and in two pig compound feeds formulated with or without the inclusion of FFPs. Six samples of FFPs and two pig compound feeds were used. FFPs were based on bakery and confectionary ex-food, while the pig compound feed was formulated by substituting 30% of cereals with FFPs (Feed FFP30%). All samples were analysed using an in vitro Englyst assay that simulates gastric and small intestinal digestion, and which has been proposed to determine the hydrolysis index (HI) and predict the glycemic index (pGI) of cereal-based foods introduced into pig diets. Corn meal, heat processed wheat and a conventional pig compound feed (Feed CTR) were included as control feed ingredients. In the assay, white bread was used as reference material. The results differentiated between two main groups of samples, namely: low HI samples with an HI lower than 100 including corn meal, Feed CTR, Feed FFP30%, flaked wheat and FFP4; and high HI samples including all the other FFPs tested. The same classification can be adopted for pGI. Thus combining HI and pGI results suggests that most of the FFPs tested in the present study were characterised by a high glycemic index potential which seems to be linked to the starch/sugars HI. The inclusion of FFPs in a commercial compound feed, and its effect on HI and pGI, merit further investigations.Highlights Ex-Food are food waste biomasses upgraded to feed ingredients; they are characterised by quick carbohydrates digestion and high glycemic index.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)838-849
Numero di pagine12
RivistaItalian Journal of Animal Science
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019


  • Former Food Products (FFPs)
  • carbohydrate digestion
  • feed evaluation
  • glycemic index


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