Capillary zone electrophoresis of potassium in human vitreous humour: validation of a new method

Francesca Cittadini, Daniela Marchetti, Franco Tagliaro, G Manetto, Federica Bortolotti, M. Marigo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

39 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The analysis of potassium in the vitreous humour has long been regarded as an important tool in medicolegal and forensic toxicological investigation, particularly for the determination of the post-mortem interval. The present work was aimed at the optimisation and validation of a reliable, simple and fast capillary electrophoresis method for potassium analysis in the human vitreous humour with indirect UV detection at a wavelength of 214 nm. Electrophoretic separations were carried out in a running buffer comprising 5 mM imidazole, 5 mM 18-crown-6 ether and 6 mM D,L alpha-hydroxybutyric acid (HIBA), adjusted to pH 4.5. Constant voltage runs were carried out by applying a voltage of 500 V/cm at 25 degrees C. The samples were injected in the hydrodynamic mode at the anodic end of the capillary (0.5 p.s.i. for 10 s; 1 p.s.i. = 6894.76 Pa). The method showed good linearity in the concentration range from 6.5 mM to 16.25 microM, with an r2 value of 0.9994. The limit of detection, based on a signal-to-noise ratio of three, was 9.0 microM. Absolute intra-day RSDs of migration times were <0.40%, while the day-to-day values were < or =1.72%. Absolute peak area reproducibility was always better than 2.50%. A comparison of capillary electrophoresis with flame photometry on twelve real autopsy samples showed an excellent correlation with an r2 value of 0.9333. A preliminary application to real cases (20 subjects) was carried out plotting vitreous humour potassium vs. post-mortem interval with a resulting r2 of 0.904 and a Y-intercept of 4.75 mM, in agreement with the existing literature.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)273-279
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY B. BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS
Volume733
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1999

Keywords

  • Aqueous Humor
  • Barium
  • Buffers
  • Calcium
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Potassium
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Sodium
  • Vitreous Body

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