Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are gaining prominence in oncology. The characterization of the molecular phenotype of CSCs or “cancer cell-like stem cells” can clarify several intriguing and obscure aspects of cancer pathophysiology (e.g., cancer cell dormancy, chemoresistance and metastasis) and could represent a fundamental advance in terms of early diagnosis and selective therapy for cancer. Moreover, understanding the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms of CSCs can expand the therapeutic applications of normal adult stem cells by reducing the risk of disordered uncontrolled and potentially tumorigenic stem cell differentiation. An explosion of emerging therapeutic and diagnostic options for cancer treatment that selectively target CSCs has occurred in recent years. These include the targeting of cell surface proteins, various activated signaling pathways, different molecules of the stem cell niche and various drug resistance mechanisms. Importantly, approaching cancer research by investigating the pathogenesis of these intriguing cancer cells is increasing the knowledge of the pathophysiology of the disease, emphasizing certain concepts and molecular mechanisms that have been partially neglected and facilitating the understanding of a global vision of complex cancer cell biology.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||Advances in Cancer Stem Cell Biology|
|Numero di pagine||28|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2012|
- cancer stem cell