Burnout precursors in oncology nurses: A preliminary cross-sectional study with a systemic organizational analysis

Loris Bonetti, Angela Tolotti, Dario Valcarenghi, Carla Pedrazzani, Serena Barello, Greta Ghizzardi, Guendalina Graffigna, Davide Sari, Monica Bianchi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

5 Citazioni (Scopus)


Burnout negatively affects nurses' health and performance. Healthcare managers have an ethical duty to create healthy organizations that reduce burnout, especially within critical settings such as oncology. The aim of this study was twofold: (1) to measure the presence of nurses' burnout to formulate organizational strategies to prevent the syndrome onset, and (2) to evaluate the effect of recent organizational changes on the burnout phenomenon. A descriptive, cross-sectional design supported by a systemic organizational analysis was conducted in a Swiss Oncology Institute in 2013. Of 103 nurses working in the Institute, 52 (51.4%) completed the Burnout Potential Inventory (BPI) questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Burnout risk levels were low to moderate. Only 2 nurses out of the 52 showed moderate burnout risk levels. Inpatient nurses showed a higher risk of burnout than outpatient nurses, particularly due to ambiguity and feelings of powerlessness. Nurses with post-basic education showed a higher risk when considering poor teamwork values and ambiguity in the workplace. Poor middle-management was found to negatively influence worker wellbeing. The working environment set by management resulted in low burnout risk levels. Managers must carefully select middle-management because inappropriate leadership might promote the onset of burnout.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1246-N/A
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019


  • Burnout
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Healthy organizations
  • Leadership
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Nurse wellbeing
  • Oncology nursing
  • Patient engagement
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Sustainable work


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