In the attempt to establish definitions and provide shared approaches to breakthrough invasive fungal diseases (br-IFD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients submitted to intensive chemotherapy and receiving triazoles as mould active primary antifungal prophylaxis (MA-PAP), literature on br-IFD in AML patients receiving triazoles MA-PAP was reviewed and a Consensus Development Conference Project was convened. The following four candidate key-questions were generated and formed the set of questions of the present document: "definition of br-IFD," "diagnostic strategy during MA-PAP to detect br-IFD," "possible causes of MA-PAP failure," "management of br-IFD."
- acute myeloid leukemia
- antifungal prophylaxis
- breakthrough fungal infections