Brain abscess of odontogenic origin in children: a systematic review of the literature with emphasis on therapeutic aspects and a new case presentation

Carlo Lajolo, Massimo Cordaro, Gianfranco Favia, Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Serafino Vanella, G. Favia, L. Limongelli, A. Tempesta

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Brain abscesses (BAs) are rare but life-threatening infections. BAs of an odontogenic origin should always be considered as a possible aetiological factor, especially when other infectious foci are not present. Clinical presentation in children may be ambiguous and pose a difficult differential diagnosis: the identification of causal bacteria can be difficult and odontogenic origin is often a diagnosis of exclusion. The aim of this paper was to systematically review the literature reports with particular emphasis on therapy and propose a diagnostic flowchart for odontogenic brain abscess in children. A systematic literature review was performed on PubMed, Scopus and ISI Web of Science to identify cases of BAs in children and discuss clinical management: only human research articles, published in peer-reviewed English language journals, were included. Among 109 articles, 7 publications were selected for data analysis: clinical data could be extracted for only 8 subjects; different clinical approaches are descripted in the reports, even if therapy should be started as soon as possible to prevent rapid diffusion to the rest of the central nervous system. Due to their rarity and ambiguous clinical presentation in children, BAs of odontogenic origin are difficult to diagnose. A thorough oral-maxillofacial investigation should always be performed to exclude an oral origin.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)67-74
Numero di pagine8
RivistaActa Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Volume39
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Brain Abscess
  • Brain abscess
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Children
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oral Health
  • Oral abscess
  • Periodontal Abscess

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