Bowel contrast-enhanced ultrasound perfusion imaging in the evaluation of Crohn's disease patients undergoing anti-TNFα therapy

Enrico Di Stasio, Franco Scaldaferri, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maurizio Pompili, Maria Assunta Zocco, Lucrezia Laterza, Maria Elena Ainora, Andrea Poscia, Andrea Lupascu, Laura Riccardi, Alessandro Armuzzi, Gian Ludovico Rapaccini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate whether changes in bowel perfusion parameters measured by dynamic-CEUS (D-CEUS) can be used for monitoring response to therapy in active Crohn disease (CD). Methods: Fifty-four CD patients were evaluated with D-CEUS before (T0) and after 2 (T1), 6 (T2) and 12 weeks (T3) of anti-TNFα therapy. Variations from baseline were calculated for: peak intensity, PI; area under the curve, AUC; slope of wash in, Pw; time to peak, TP; mean transit time, MTT (median percentage values) and were correlated with combined endoscopic/clinical response after 12 weeks and clinical relapse within 6 months. Results: 70% of patients achieved combined endoscopic/clinical response (responders). The reduction in PI, AUC, Pw and MTT between T1 and T0 was higher in responders. Relapsers (21%) showed significantly lower reduction in delta PI and Pw at T1 and T2. At T3 they showed a new increase in PI and lower reduction in delta Pw. In relapsers, AUC showed a significantly lower decrease at T2 and T3, TP showed a significant reduction at T3 and MTT showed a progressive increase at the different time-points, reaching the statistical significance at T3. Conclusions: D-CEUS might become a reliable predictor of combined endoscopic/clinical response and clinical relapse in CD.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)729-737
Numero di pagine9
RivistaDIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE
Volume53
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Crohn
  • Ultrasonography
  • Endoscopic remission
  • IBD
  • Response to therapy
  • Adult
  • Crohn Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infliximab
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perfusion Imaging
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors
  • Dynamic CEUS

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