Bone disease in medullary sponge kidney and effect of potassium citrate treatment.

Antonia Fabris, Patrizia Bernich, Cataldo Abaterusso, Nicola Marchionna, Chiara Canciani, Antonio Nouvenne, Mauro Zamboni, Antonio Lupo, Giovanni Gambaro

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33 Citazioni (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In medullary sponge kidney (MSK)-a common malformative renal condition in patients with calcium nephrolithiasis-hypercalciuria, incomplete distal renal tubular acidosis, and hypocitraturia are common. Clinical conditions with concomitant hypercalciuria and/or incomplete distal renal tubular acidosis are almost invariably associated with bone disease, making osteopathy highly likely in MSK, too. Patients with MSK have never been investigated for osteopathy; neither has the potential effect of potassium citrate administration (CA) on their urinary metabolic risk factors and on bone mineralization. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: These issues were retrospectively analyzed in 75 patients with MSK and primary stone risk factor (PSRF; hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia, hyperuricosuria, and/or hyperoxaluria) on an outpatient basis; 65 received CA (2.9 +/- 0.8 g/d), whereas 10 received only general "stone clinic" suggestions. The 24-h urinary excretion of calcium, phosphate, oxalate, uric acid, and citrate; morning urine pH; serum biochemistry; and bone mineral density were investigated at baseline and at the end of follow-up (78 +/- 13 and 72 +/- 15 mo in groups A and B, respectively). RESULTS: CA led to a significant rise in urinary pH and citrate and decreased urinary calcium and phosphate (all P < 0.001). Patients with MSK and PSRF had reduced bone density. Bone density improved significantly in the group that was treated with oral CA. CONCLUSIONS: Bone disease is very frequent in patients with MSK and concomitant PSRF. Long-term CA improves bone density. The concurrent effects of treatment on PSRF suggest that the subtle acidosis plays a pivotal role in bone disease and hypercalciuria in patients with MSK.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1974-1979
Numero di pagine6
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2009


  • Medullary sponge kidney
  • bone disease
  • citrate


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