Body-scaled action in obesity during locomotion: Insights on the nature and extent of body representation disturbances

Gianluca Castelnuovo, Federica Scarpina, Stefania Corti, Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Manuela Galli, Lorenzo Priano, Lucia Pianta, Alessandro Mauro, Paolo Capodaglio

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Conscious perception of our own body, also known as body image, can influence body-scaled actions. Certain conditions such as obesity are frequently accompanied by a negative body image, leaving open the question if body-scaled actions are distorted in these individuals. Methods To shed light on this issue, we asked individuals affected by obesity to process dimensions of their own body in a real action: they walked in a straight-ahead direction, while avoiding collision with obstacles represented by door-like openings that varied in width. Results Participants affected by obesity showed a body rotation behavior similar to that of the healthy weighted, but differences emerged in parameters such as step length and velocity. Conclusion When participants with obesity walk through door-like openings, their body parts rotation is scaled according to their physical body dimensions; however, they might try to minimize risk of collision. Our study is in line with the hypothesis that unconscious body-scaled actions are related to emotional, cognitive and perceptual components of a negative body image.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)34-40
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJournal of Psychosomatic Research
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • 3D movement analysis
  • Action
  • Adult
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders
  • Body Image
  • Body image
  • Body schema
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Locomotion
  • Male
  • Obesity
  • Psychiatry and Mental Health

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